People Process Programme A visual representation of a case study –

A stakeholder is anyone with an interest in the project or business. Typically, they are independent parties who contribute to the process or outcome of a project. They are also investors and continue to partake into the project in regard to further developments and enhancing it.




The Client: employer, promoter, owner, purchaser, user

The main contractor: organisations that can carry out building, civil engineering construction work, and more following the CMD UK regulations.

Designers: architects, structural engineering, services engineers, any specialist designer.

Sub-constructor: is a type of contractor that offers a particular set of skills or supplier, the key point about the sub-contractors is that they form direct agreement with the contractor, not the costumer.

People employed in any capacity in the project: Third person with an specific task.

Local authorities: Country councils, districts, borough or city councils responsible for the project area. This are responsible of transport, planning policy, fire, public safety, social care, waste management, trading standards, housing planning.

The end users: any person, group or organisation who will use the property or land as an occupier, owner or investor.

Professional Bodies: professional association, organisation, institute or society that comprises member who are professional in an specific sector such construction.

Locals: Local residents or local business owners near to the project’s  area.

Lobby parts: Committees and groups supporting the project, it can be sustainable  or architecture organisations interesting in the project development.


The different types of stakeholder relationships:


Direct Stakeholders



-Project Sponsor

-Project Manager

-Members of the project team

-Technical and financial providers

-Internal or external consultants

-Material and equipment suppliers

-Site personnel



-End Users

Indirect Stakeholders


Considered also as external stakeholders

– Support Staff not directly involved in the project

-National and local government

-Public Utilities


-Inspecting organisations

-Technical institutions

-Personal interest groups: labour unions, pressure groups

Positive Stakeholders


People or organisations who are likely to have a favourable impact on the project.

Example would be organisations involved in the work itself that stand to benefit financially.

Negative Stakeholders


Negative stakeholders are those who are likely to have a detrimental impact on a project, at some stages. can be the  local residents, concern about loss of public areas.

Legitimacy and Power


This people are further differentiated between those with legitimacy and power, and those without it influencing in some legal action on the project being negative or positive.




The difference between appointed stakeholders and third party stakeholders:


Not every aspect of a project owns the direct control of the client or their project team, every project is related to some extent on third parties.  Every project is dependent to some extent on third parties, and it is important to identify and understand their potential impacts are quantified and managed.


The stakeholders are the direct part interested on the project as their own and community benefit, in the other hand, The Third Party dependence may not be motivated by the same objectives as the direct stakeholders, but they can have an important impact on the project’s programme. For example, the introduction of the building regulation changes can have a serious  impact on the project and yet are entirely beyond the control of the project team.



CASE STUDY: Classic Mansions, Well Street, London, E9 7QH



The Client: Mr Chili Adamker

Local authorities:  London Borough of Hackney


The design and construction process of an architectural project

This design and build describes an original planning where the owner or client have a tender of options to choose, as opposed to a traditional contract, where the client decide and choose a project developer.


The regulatory processes of town planning, conservation and building control

The UK construction regulation, CDM (Design and management regulation), ensure the health and safety project’s development. In term of the organisation of project, the role of principal designer is direct proportional to the main stakeholders, as the contractor, during the construction phase including:




i) Planning, managing and monitoring the pre-construction phase.

            ii) Assisting the client in the post-tender documentations as the pre and post             construction information.

            iii) Preparing the health and safety file.

            iv) Ensuring risks are controlled through design work.


There are different types of contracts that a business may use for different things between stakeholders. This includes: sale and purchase of a business agreement, partnership agreements, leases of a business premises, leases of plant and equipment, and also employment agreements. Depending on the reason and context of the situation, a suitable contract will be set out between the parties. A business contract is a legal agreement between you and another party. There are many different elements to a valid business contract. This includes offer and acceptance (of the contract), the intention to create legal relations, lawful consideration, capacity and legal formalities. These are all needed in order to create a valid business contract that goes in accordance with the law. 

There are. Certain laws in place to protect architectural projects. The Intellectual Property law was established in order to deals secure and enforce legal rights to inventions, designs, and artistic works. It protects a person’s products, designs, logos and many more. it gives the right to uniqueness, which is very important for businesses. The requirements of this is that it goes in accordance to the copyright, a patent or design criteria. You must also be the one that created it or have bought the intellectual property rights off the previous owner.




The Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) Plan of Work 2013 organises the process in 8 stages of briefing, designing, constructing, maintaining, operating, and using building projects.


0 – Strategic Definition

Identify client’s Business Case and Strategic brief and other core project requirements.

This strategic considerations might include considering different sites, whether to extend the project, refurbish or build new and the key Project Outcomes.


In the Classic Mansions located in Well Street, London, E9 7QH, considered possible to create an extension of two additional flats to the roof, taking as consideration the existing 9 flats, 3 per floor, without compromising lower existing floors.






Preparation and Brief


This develop project objectives, including quality objectives project outcomes, sustainability aspiration, project budget, and all the parameters or constrains to develop the initial project brief.


This stage involves:

Developing an initial project brief, including previous projects, quantifying the actual budget.

Carrying out feasibility studies.

Undertaking a project risk assessment, planning risk programme  and site analysis.

Assembling the project team, roles and responsibilities. 


In this study case is represented the London Borough of Hackney as a responsible council. This project is a 360m2 area.

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