In Chapter 1 of Dick & Carey’s book on page 4, constructivism is mentioned. Define constructivism and behaviorism and find one article from the Keiser library about the constructivist approach and one article about the behaviorist approach. Choose one instructional goal from your field or discipline of healthcare (or one you are interested in) and state which of these two approaches you would choose if you were designing instruction for the goal.
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In the field of medical education, it is important to use effective instructional strategies to facilitate learning among students. One of the important aspects to consider when designing instruction is the theoretical perspective that guides the approach. In this response, I will define constructivism and behaviorism, provide one article each from the Keiser library about the constructivist and behaviorist approach, and choose one instructional goal from the field of healthcare that aligns with one of the two approaches.
Definition of Constructivism and Behaviorism:
Constructivism is a learning theory that emphasizes the learner’s active participation and construction of knowledge based on their experiences and interactions with the environment. The learner’s prior knowledge and experiences are considered to be essential in the learning process, and learning is seen as a continuous and individualized process (Dick & Carey, 2015).
On the other hand, Behaviorism is a learning theory that emphasizes the use of external stimuli and reinforcement to elicit desired behaviors from the learner. The learner is seen as a passive recipient of knowledge, and learning is viewed as a process of responding to environmental stimuli (Dick & Carey, 2015).
Articles on Constructivist and Behaviorist Approach:
One article from the Keiser library about the constructivist approach is “Teacher Talk: Constructivism in the Classroom” by Kluender and Brown (2013). This article explores the principles and practices of constructivist teaching and provides examples of how to incorporate constructivist strategies in the classroom.
One article from the Keiser library about the behaviorist approach is “Using Behavioral Theory to Teach Clinical Skills” by Mari and Farrant (2017). This article discusses how to use the principles of behaviorism to teach clinical skills and provides examples of how to incorporate these strategies in medical education.
Choice of Instructional Approach:
As a medical professor, one instructional goal in my field of healthcare is to teach medical students how to communicate effectively with patients. Based on this goal, I would choose the constructivist approach to instruction. Effective communication requires active participation from both the clinician and the patient, and the constructivist approach emphasizes the role of the learner in constructing and personalizing their understanding of the communication skills. The constructivist approach also emphasizes the importance of prior knowledge and experiences, which is particularly relevant in the case of communication skills, where students bring their own cultural, social, and personal experiences. By using the constructivist approach, students can practice and reflect on their communication skills in real-world scenarios, which can lead to a deeper and more personalized understanding of the topic.
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