Prior to beginning work on this discussion, review Chapter 13:


Prior to beginning work on this discussion, review Chapter 13: Global Marketing Communications Decision I, and The Toyota Recall Crisis: Media Impact on Toyota’s Corporate Brand Reputation article.

The promotion (P) of the marketing mix includes advertising, public  relations, sales promotion, personal selling, and direct marketing. When  a company embraces integrated marketing communications, it recognizes  that the various elements of a company’s communication strategy must be  carefully coordinated.


  • Determine four major difficulties that can compromise an  organization’s attempt to communicate with customers in any location.  Provide examples. Please provide pictures. 

Public Relations:

Public Relations (PR) “is a strategic communication process that  builds mutually beneficial relationships between organizations and their  publics.” Review the Toyota Crisis article carefully and search the web  for more information needed to understand their case of PR.

  • Explain the issues that can arise in different country markets when  marketers decide to implement a global sales promotion strategy.
  • Differentiate between personal selling and direct marketing.

Your initial discussion post should be 275 words. Cite your textbook and any other sources used to support your ideas.  

Textbook Cited:  Keegan, W. J., & Green, M. C. (2020). Global marketing (10th ed.). Retrieved from 

I attached the textbook below.

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